Home HEALTH Type 2 diabetes: Can be caused by fat tissue build-up, according to...

Type 2 diabetes: Can be caused by fat tissue build-up, according to research

Type 2 diabetes: Can be caused by fat tissue build-up, according to research

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Diabetes is a serious, lifelong condition, which happens when the level of sugar in the blood is too high.

In type 2 diabetes, blood sugar is too high due to the insulin produced by the pancreas not working properly, or because the pancreas can’t make enough insulin.

It is different to type 1 diabetes, where blood sugar is too high due to the body being unable to produce insulin at all.

Insulin is a hormone that allowed the glucose in the blood to enter the cells and fuel the body.

Without insulin, or if insulin is unable to do it’s job properly, glucose will stay in the blood.

This is dangerous because it can lead to problems involving the eyes, nerves, kidneys and heart.

While the cause of type 1 diabetes is still unclear, it is known that a poor diet, lack of exercise and certain lifestyle habits can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.

People who eat bad diets and are overweight or obese are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. But why is this?

According to new research, this is because a build-up of fat within fatty tissues leads to increasing insulin resistance.

Dr Sarah Brewer, working in association with CuraLin diabetes supplement, explains this happens because fat accumulation within the pancreas affects the synthesis and release of insulin.

Fatty liver changes also lead to disordered metabolism and an increased production of new glucose within the liver.

“This combination, if not addressed through diet and lifestyle changes, can progress from impaired glucose tolerance to type 2 diabetes,” said Dr Brewer.

In addition, Dr Brewer explains activation of a liver enzyme, known as protein kinase C epsilon, is thought to be involved in the development resistance.

In preclinical studies with mice, it was found mice who lack protein kinase C epsilon did not develop type 2 diabetes.

“It now seems this enzyme may be more wide acting than previously thought and may be involved in the development of insulin resistance in fat cells, too,” said Dr Brewer.

“More studies are needed to pinpoint the exact role of this enzyme in the development of type 2 diabetes.”

So what can you do if you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes?

“If you have impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes, it’s important to make diet and lifestyle changes,” said Dr Brewer.

“Following a healthy, low glycemic diet, exercising regularly on most days, and losing excess weight can improve glucose control – even returning it to normal in the early stages.”

“If diet and lifestyle approaches alone aren’t bringing down your blood sugar levels as well as you would like, a herbal medicine can help.”

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